Ornithological Report: Tourkovounia Mountain in Athens in Winter

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Ornithological Report: Tourkovounia Mountain in Athens in Winter

The photographs were taken in mid-November 2013 and show rocks on the south/southeast side of Turconia with a panoramic view of the Athenian Basin.

Power point

Turkovunia (also known as Attikon Alsos; in ancient times Anchesmos ) is a very low limestone mountain in the middle of the Athenian Basin, within the city of Athens. Located at: 38°0'6.23" N, 23°45'24.52" E The site is considered one of the 7 most important bird habitats in Athens (Kominos et al. 2004). However, this name was chosen mainly because the country is very rich in birds. My son-in-law and I have been birdwatching here for many years and have compiled a good list (many breeding species, some endangered/protected species, etc.). So overall it's a decent place because it's "more famous" than other parts of the city. Indeed, our house is located very close to the pass on the southeastern side of this "mountain island". Unfortunately, despite the fact that we have a lot of data from our excursions, we have not posted much, so I am publishing my first report here.

I was influenced by American ornithologist Rob Forgos' idea of ​​a "minimum requirement for birds" who recommended frequent birdwatching as a form of treatment. With MDR, you aim to see the minimum number of bird species on each outing or per day - say 20 species for an MDR (see links). So I started to keep detailed bird logs during my regular walks around the city in order to see as many species as possible during my regular walks. This is a simple "look see" method. And here I am presenting the results of my first 15 releases this winter in my "local patch".


A very informal observation method was used and there was no specific structure (but the tour did not include the Atikon Weevil Landscape Park and Forest, but mainly the south and east slopes. Each sightseeing tour lasted 20-60 minutes Dog-Bird Tour Some days the effort was more than in others, and I think that effort determined what was actually recorded: records were kept in the field, daily shifts, and the number of each species observed was accurately recorded.

Almost all of these "Look-Look" walks were with "Timo", our little terrier; Sometimes alone, sometimes with friends and family. Most of them are short trails (about 2 km in total). Maximum climb: 100 meters. The maximum climb is approximately 350 meters on the upper edge of Torkovonia. Birdwatching was usually carried out at an altitude of 250 or 280 meters above sea level. or so. This study was completed in just over two weeks (from 12/21/2013 to 06/01/2014). The weather was very good, some days with peaks around 12°C and almost no wind.


9.8 species - the average list of species per flight; with a standard deviation of 4.1 (Table 1). After these 15 attempts, the total list of species recorded in the middle of winter was 26 (Table 2). The relative abundance of each species is also presented in Table 2. Figure 1 illustrates these results more graphically. The longtail is the only new species added to the list of habitats of Turkononia (which includes about 95 species as reported in Kominos et al. 2004). Another noteworthy species is the wild thrush (about 6 or 8 birds, seen only 3 times), but this bird appears regularly every year. Some predictable birds are usually absent (sparrows, thrushes); Some species are rare/extremely rare (lily of the valley, goldfinch, chickadee). The hawk is perhaps the most common species. An arched sofa was also found (for about 100 people).


It is immediately tempting to get out and "work" to see as many birds as possible in the greenery of a big city block. This can serve as a catalyst to promote birdwatching, citizen science for natural history, creative recreation, and a better understanding of the ecosystem for the city's biodiversity conservation (e.g. better birdwatching, etc.). More random bird entries like this one could help push up Athena's "minimum daily requirement" figure (20 species per day being promoted in North America by Rob Furgus). Therefore, I recommend that more ornithologists and naturalists keep lists in Athena, and this random, semi-quantitative and unstructured approach can also be very useful.

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  • Kominos T., Teneketzis K., Proponas N., Stavrakas L., Vlahos Chr., Vlamis A ,. Zogares, S. (2004). Athena for birds. Tutorial. Greek Ornithological Society.
  • For geography, see:
  • More than 20 birds per day, daily requirement:


Tables and figures

Table 1. Detailing of 15 ornithological surveys (from 12/21/2013 to 06/01/2014). After the date, a distinction is made between measurements taken in the morning (morning) and afternoon (evening).

Visit # ... type ... history
1...10... 21:12
2... ten ... 22:12
3... 12 ... 12:12
four ... 17 ... 12:12
5 ... 9 ... 12:12
6... 6... 12:12
7... fourteen ... 12:12
VIII... 17 ... 12:12
9 ... 5 ... 1.1 am
ten ... 5 ... 2.1. I
eleven ... VIII... 3.1 in the morning
12 ... 9 ... 15:1
13 ... eleven ... 16:1
fourteen ... four ... 16:1
fifteen... ten ... 6.1 in the afternoon

Table 2. General list of species recorded from 21.12.2013 to 01.06.2014 up to 15 cm. Bird counts. Modern Greek nouns are given in brackets, and in brackets - the case of frequency, generalized for the period of study.

1. Common sparrow [Σπίνος] (common)
2. Black hat [Μαυροσκούφης] (general)
3. Chiff pool [] (common)
4. Eurasian magpie [Καρακάξα] (common)
5. Sardinian bite [Μαυροτσιροβάκος] (common)
6. Robin [Κοκκινολαίμης] (general)
7. Song Thrush (also known as Thrush sp.) [Κοινή Φσίχλα ή έλον Φσίχλας] (hard to see)
8. Eurasian thrush [Κότσυφας] (quite common)
9. Redstart [Καρβουνιάρης] (quite common)
10. Rock dove (wild) [] (quite often)
11. Great tit [Καλόγερος] (close)
12. Coccyx [Σταχτοσουσουράδα] (rare, in translation)
13. Collared pigeon [Δεκοχτούρα] (common)
14. House sparrow [Σπιτοσπουργίτης] (local, very common)
15. Dannok [Θαμοψάλτης] (close)
16. pile of stones [Βουνοτσίχλονο] (rare, 2 notes)
17. European Sparrowhawk [Ξεφτερι] (rare)
18. Ordinary star [Ψαρόνι] (local, very common)
19. Kestrel [Βραχοκιρκίνεζο] (local, fairly common)
20. Herring Gull [ΜΜέτερισταικός Ασημόγλαρος] (rare)
21. Goldfinch [Καρδερίνα] (rare, single vision)
22- long-tailed nipple [Αιγίθαλος] (rare, single vision)
23- Goldfinch [Φλόρος] (rare, single)
24. Owl [Κουκουβάγια] (rarely single vision - hearing)
25 Winter Wren [Τρυποφράχτης] (first floor, three notes)
26 - Sakr - the Most High.

Rice. 1. A simple graph of the number of recorded birds per day (from table 1); In general, the three days of the highest performance are mainly associated with greater effort.

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