Ichthyology at Oroklini Lake

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Ichthyology at Oroklini Lake

spring 2014,
Lake Oroklini, Cyprus

Fish is a good indicator. What's the opinion?
On a small beach in south-east Cyprus, fish give us a different way of understanding the workings of a unique system: management of past, present and future recovery. Our work on Lake Oroklini is the first to examine general aspects of fish and management.

Fish are important to understanding ecosystem integrity and they help us determine what is required to restore a place to its former natural state.

There are four common fish species in the Oroklini Lake area or in the Oroklini Lake wetlands.
  • Mugil Head ( Mugil Head )
  • Thin Lipstick ( Lisa Ramada )
  • Oriental mosquito
  • He is European
We studied fish in Oroclini as part of the Living Nature project.
But there are very few fish in the system!!! I mean go down and look at the fish and most of the time you won't see anything! (but there are more and more birds) .... so what does that mean?

Our understanding so far provides the following research results.

Firstly, we see that Lake Oroklini is a unique and highly developed wetland that has been studied in terms of hydrobiology.

1) What was "Lake Oroclini" before it was "significantly" artificially altered? This is an important question as it relates to the functioning of ocean systems and how native fish have adapted and evolved communities and survival strategies to restore these natural wetlands.

Answer: At least one 19th-century map shows a lake at the site - since the "lake" was a natural area fed by a stream and the river came from a stream - it was an estuary or estuary. We are certain that the site formed a coastal lagoon system. Seasonally dry coastal lake systems that may receive water from small streams and/or intrusion from southerly winds.

2) Is it Lake Oroklini or a coastal lake?

Answer: A coastal lake, but it contains salt particles (!!!). Most visitors to the "lake" today would say that the system is natural... and in a very strange state of "decay" today. In fact, the “lake basin” is separated by a 400-meter-wide sandy shore and is only connected to the sea by two artificial drainage channels (“western channel” is not directly connected to the lake basin…). It is a developed coastal sea for the following reasons Conditions are fairly good : a) My historical map shows a natural sea body with currents along the coast and low pressure near the coast causing flooding and tidal conditions. Coastal Process - A column of sand forms before southerly winds. Also a casserole that looks as salty as Selina – a habit today. I'm sure it was originally a coastal lagoon house.

3) What do you think would be the “reference conditions” for wetlands?

Answer: Strange and varied things in coastal lakes (...). 100 years ago the system was huge. So it had a connection to the sea (maybe an extra race, maybe a barrage of waves...). However, since it is a very small reservoir, it is affected by drought and destroys the fish. So I'm just hoping for mugilids, eels, Mediterranean killifish - that's it. In order to establish the reference (ie guide the conditions for the restoration), the environmental history of the site needs to be deepened (this is another project).

4) What are you doing now?

Answer: Just as you can restore and improve habitat for birds, you can do the same for fish, here are some tips:

a) Wait for the current and make sure it goes out to sea (there is a current, East Channel - see report).
b) Ensuring free movement of the village across Saap and the sea. Provide the elves with "grass" to properly widen the "lake's" drain hole and allow passage from both channels.
c) Secure a shelter for snakes and smugglers in normal years.
d) The conditions for introducing killifish ( Aphanius fasciatus ) are not very good, but maybe a pilot project can be done. The biggest problem with this is that most of the water runs dry during extreme dry periods and is overrun by mosquitoes (direct competitor and aggressive space gas) in "normal years". The question of reintroducing Kelly fish in the Mediterranean is important - it requires bold experimentation.

Check out my report:

Cyprus_Oroclini_Lake_to study ichthyology

Check out the report's tribute to everyone who came together to help us. And in 2018, the Department of Environmental Water Resources also tested the first eel pass - it worked!

Eventually I found fish in the salty mud. Great help from Athena Papatheodoulou and her friends.


The upper part of the "lake" is above the dam - flooded in winter and full of birds.

Rehabilitation arranged by BirdLife Cyprus.

Bird is a good indicator!

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